Hermitage Capital Management told “The Moscow Times” on 16 June 2005 (as recalled here by Radio Free Europe) that Gazprom is losing out on $478 million in annual revenues from the RosUkrEnergo deal and that this money is going to unknown beneficiaries participating in RosUkrEnergo via Raiffeisen Investment. At that time Hermitage Capital was minory shareholder of Gazprom.
As this Hermitage’s presentation shows, the figure comes from the official accounting of Gazprom itself, comparing what Gazprom could have had earned without giving monopoly of export to Ukraine to Eural Trans Gas and Rosukrenergo.
See a copy of the original document in German here.
Service for Analysis and Prevention
The Swiss Federal Office of Police
Strategic Analysis Report
Organised Crime and the Special Services of the Commonwealth of Independent States
Organised Crime and the Special Services of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS):
The historical relations between security services and criminal structures
Criminal groups today
Special services today: the FSB-isation of the country?
The relations between organised crime groups and the security services
The situation in Switzerland
The Federal Law on Internal Security Protection Measures (BWIS) mandates the Service for Analysis and Prevention (DAP) to develop measures to promptly discern and prevent the threats of illicit operations by foreign intelligence agencies (Item 3 of Article 2).
Over the past few years, DAP has been receiving a growing number of indications that members of organised crime groups from CIS countries maintain liaisons with the intelligence services of their countries. German Intelligence even mentions a “symbiosis” between organised crime and secret services.
Since Vladimir Putin’s entry to power, the Russian security services, especially the Federal Security Service (FSB), have been significantly reinforced.
Considering Russia’s economic growth and the expansion of the country’s influence in the sphere of energy, it is necessary to examine the role of security services and organised crime within that sphere. It must also be established whether they still preserve their connections, how those connections are made, and how they function in the Swiss territory….
Spanish Interior’s report from January 22, 2018 on the phone’s content of the detained of Arnold Tamm (Spivakovsky), a crime lord of Solntsevskaya gang also known as Arnosha. A photo of Sergey Mikhailov (Mikhas), Gafur Rakhimov (Gafur) and of Semen Mogilevich was found.
Arnold Spivakovsky (formerly Tamm; took his former wife’s last name) was arrested in Spain in September 2017 along with Oleg Kuznetsov, Sergey Dozhdev, Alexander Grinberg, and other defendants under suspicion of tax evasion, money laundering, and involvement in the activities of the Solntsevskaya organized crime group. The court arrested a total of 11 individuals. In the Civil Guard’s pretrial investigation report, Arnold Tamm is listed as the third most important member of the Solntsevskaya gang after Sergei Mikhailov (‘Mikhas’) and Viktor Averin (‘Avera’). In February 2018, Spivakovsky was released on a bail of 750,000 euros for the time of hearing on the merits and died, aged 51, the next year in Spain (no criminal reasons of the death are known). See “on the death of Tamm”.
The Spanish investigators’ attention was focused on two commercial organizations registered in Mijas, Malaga. The name of one of them, Agua de Mijas, interestingly coincided with the crime lord’s name — “Water of Mikhas”. Later, it was renamed to Agua Sierra de Mijas («Water of Mount Mikhas»). The word play is based on the name of the town and a mountain in Spain. The second company under investigation is Arrendamientos de maquinaria industrial Mardoz SL («Mardoz Industrial Machinery Rental»). The first company was managed by Sergey Dozhdev and his spouse, with Oleg Kuznetsov and Ekaterina Kadina listed as partners. The second company had Sergey Dozhdev, Ekaterina Kadina, and Valery Kulibaba as equity holders.
Sergey Dozhev Sergey Dozhdev says in his last statement (as per the court records): «The real Russian mafia is those who rule the world. In particular, it includes Igor Sechin, a man who took over Sistema through Bashneft and MTS using his offshore companies. The Rotenberg brothers, who control the Platon Company, are in the mafia too. 75 percent of Platon belongs to offshore companies, which the Rotenbergs use to siphon off money to Europe. Arnold Tamm used to co-own Sistema. However, he had a disagreement with the Rotenberg brothers, and Herman Gref ceased the refinancing of loans through his son Arkady. The company incurred artificial liabilities, and Sechin bought it at a low price through offshore companies.»
Swiss Intelligence report on cooperation between organized crime and the FSB, June 2007. Swiss authors say that German intelligence verifies the existence of “symbiosis” between Russian organized crime and intelligence, but the Swiss can see only cooperation between them on a case-to-case basis. German language.